A CALM grid with a data logger system to monitor the active layer thermal regime was established on SignyIsland (60°43′S, 45°38′Wat 80 m a.s.l.) in December 2005. The active layer at each of the 36 nodes of the gridwas monitored measuring the ground temperature at least at 4 different depths between 0.02 and 0.4 m atthe end of the summer season. In addition, within the grid, we selected four sites closely spaced (in a rayof 25 m) three of which with the same topographical characteristics (north facing aspect) but different vegetation coverage (one bare ground, BG1 and two sites with different vegetation: Andreaea sp. and Sanioniauncinata) and the fourth (BG2) it is as BG1 a bare ground but with south facing aspect. In particular, 4 thermistorswere located at depths of 0.02, 0.3, 0.6, and 0.9 m at BG2 and at the Andreaea sp site, 9 thermistors at0.02, 0.3, 0.6, 1, 1.2, 1.4, 1.6, 2, and 2.5 mat BG1 and at 0.02 and 0.6 mof depth at Sanionia site. Generally, withthe same aspect, a thick vegetation cover (as in Sanionia site) provides a greater insulative effect than a thinnervegetation cover (as in Andreaea site) or bare ground (BG1) because vegetation both shades and insulatesthe ground resulting in a reduction in summer heat flux.Ground Surface Temperature (GST) was colder and more buffered in spring and summer under the vegetatedground than in BG1, although the coldest GST and lowest Thawing Degree Days (TDD) were recorded at BG2and related to its southern aspect. Our data confirm that air temperature is the main driver of GST, as alreadyreported both in the Arctic and Antarctic. We also found that the effect of air temperature changes seasonally,being drastically reduced in winter and, to a lesser extent, in fall and spring, when there is generally thinsnow cover (b30 cm). During the summer, when snow cover is usually absent, the air temperature is thedominant driver, although incoming radiation also had an effect on the northern exposed bare ground andto a lesser extent on the vegetated and southerly exposed bare ground.The active layer ranges between 81 and 185 cm on the 4 continuously monitored sites and, considering thesites with the same aspect, it is thicker under bare ground (between 10% up to more than 100%) thanunder vegetated ground, confirming previous observations in the Arctic and Antarctic. However at oursites, climate forcing has no effect on the active layer thickness, enhancing the role of soil properties includingthe periods of high moisture content and lateral flow of water.The lack of a statistically significant regressions between GST and active layer thickness could be due to the limitedstudy period (four years) and/or to the variationwith timeof changes in soil characteristics such as soilmoisture,and the possible occurrence of non-conductive heat transfer processes including the lateral flow of water.Further data are required to understand the role of moisture and possible ground water circulation within theactive layer to explain the unexpected strong dichotomy between the GST regime and active layer thickness.
August 26, 2019 /Sports News – National Serena Williams talks US Open and vying to tie Grand Slam title record FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailScott Clarke / ESPN Images(NEW YORK) — Serena Williams will play Maria Sharapova in the first round of the 2019 US Open on Monday.The tournament is a high-stakes moment in the career of the 23-time Grand Slam winner, as she is goes for her 24th title, which would tie her with the current record-holder, Margaret Court.Williams spoke about the upcoming competition in an interview with Good Morning America at the 2019 Palace Invitational on Thursday.When asked about her pursuit for the next title, Williams said with a laugh: “I mean, I would be happy, but at the same time I just feel like I should have more.”“It’s just the last Grand Slam of the year and I feel like [for] me in particular, I really train all year for Grand Slams, so it’s like — OK I’m training again for the last one — and then it’s just … it’s good for it to be it,” she continued.The tennis great returns to the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center in New York City after being defeated last year by competitor Naomi Osaka.Osaka and other young competitors Williams has faced more recently, like Bianca Andreescu, have expressed what an inspiration and a role model Williams is to them.Williams says she had a similar experience and also faced some of her role models in competition when she was entering the game.“I played against some people I definitely admired — it was really cool,” she shared. “But when I went there [and played them] it was so intense…I know what it was like to play against people that I grew up watching — and then just obsessing over. Then playing them and then knowing that, yeah, I’m still a fan even to this day.”“But when you’re on the court you just kind of go for it,” she added.Another realm in which Williams has gone for it? She’s cemented her status as a powerful force in the business world, having created her own companies and invested in multiple startups.She also became the first athlete to make Forbes’ list of the World’s Richest Self-Made Women in June.“You know, it’s been fun,” she said of her work off the court. “I’m sitting on a couple of boards and I think that’s really interesting. SurveyMonkey, I just had a board meeting from 1 to 5 today, and I feel like that is some of the most rewarding work outside of what I do for venture.”“But it’s interesting because I like to educate myself and learn how do I help another company with my ideas and my recommendations,” she continued. “Sitting on a board is really about learning about the company and offering good advice…so that’s really cool.”“I just wish I had looked at it that way when I first got on the board, but now that I do, hopefully, I can bring much more,” she added. “To SurveyMonkey in particular.”Post-U.S. Open competition, Williams will put on another show for her millions of fans across the globe, this time in fashion. Her S by Serena label will hold its FW19 runway show on Sept. 10.“I’m excited about the show seeing it all come together, just the atmosphere of the show,” she shared. “I’m trying to bring a different vibe. I’m excited to see how that happens and how it works…that’s like my main goal right now.”“But the clothes are great. We designed it…we got a call like, ‘We want you guys showing in Fashion Week.’ And I was like ‘Oh my God — love to, but it’s April…we have to make everything.’ So we readjusted our September October collection.”Following the show, the clothes will immediately be available online for 24 hours.“I’m also excited because when it comes on the runway, we’re gonna sell it…and then we’ll just kind of go from there,” she added.Copyright © 2019, ABC Radio. All rights reserved. Written by Beau Lund read more
Tags: Region 14 FacebookTwitterLinkedInEmailMonday, the 2019 All-Region 14 football team was announced, featuring several Mid-Utah Radio Sports Network star athletes.The Region 14 player of the year is Juab slot/safety Cade Bowring. Bowring was a jack of all trades for the Wasps. He completed 3 of 4 passes for 140 yards and three touchdowns.He also ran for 1,054 yards on 108 carries (9.77 yards per rush) and 16 scores while hauling in 30 receptions for 506 yards and 8 touchdowns.The defensive MVP of Region 14 was his teammate, defensive end, Blake Mangelson. Mangelson netted 5.5 sacks and 54 tackles on the season.The offensive MVP was North Sanpete’s fullback/middle linebacker Connor Jorgensen. Jorgensen ran for 581 yards on 116 carries (5.1 yards per carry) and 13 scores while also hauling in 36 passes for 512 yards (14.2 yards per reception) and 6 touchdowns. Additionally, he threw a touchdown pass on the season.Juab had six representatives on the all-region first team, including middle linebacker Rylan Watts (3 sacks, interception, 93 tackles), fullback Trey Lund (93 car, 538 yards, 8 TD’s; 9 car, 109 yards, 2 TD’s), guard Dominic Davidson, strong safety Karder Shepherd (45 tackles), center Bladen Fowkes and signal-caller Zac Cowan (110-194, 1,553 yards, 15 TD’s/8 INT’s).Delta had two representatives on the first team: tailback/middle linebacker Jake Jackson (82 car, 383 yards, 12 TD’s; 12 rec, 168 yards, TD, defensively: 120 tackles, 4 sacks, INT) and receiver/middle linebacker Jace Thomas (3 sacks, interception, 63 tackles).North Sanpete had five representatives on the first team. They include offensive lineman/outside linebacker Cole Mickel (1 car, 11 yards; 90 tackles, 6 sacks, INT), tight end/outside linebacker Jaxton Langschwager (37 rec, 638 yards, 7 TD’s; 71 tackles, 7 sacks), fullback/safety Payton Clawson (77 car, 342 yards, 7 TD’s; 31 rec, 453 yards; 5 TD’s, 41 tackles, INT), middle linebacker Laramie Roberts (51 tackles, INT) and offensive lineman/defensive lineman Andrew Petersen (21 tackles, sack).Manti had four representatives on the first team. They include receiver/safety Travis Thomson (31 rec, 574 yards, 10 TD’s; 22 tackles, INT), offensive tackle/defensive tackle Jason Henningson (59 tackles, 5 sacks), middle linebacker Mitchell Newman (118 tackles, sack) and center/defensive end Keenan Moulton (53 tackles, 3.5 sacks).Juab had six representatives on the second team. They included corner-back Bodee Blackett (27 tackles, 2 INT’s), guard David Phillips, corner-back David Phillips (11 tackles), defensive end Braden Pay (29 tackles, 2 sacks), free safety Louk Stevens (44 tackles, 3 INT’s) and linebacker Boden Ballow (55 tackles, 4 sacks).On the second team, Delta was represented by offensive lineman/defensive lineman Kurtus Nielson and tailback/outside linebacker Will Finlinson (95 car, 540 yards, 4 TD’s; 3 rec, 19 yards; 57 tackles).North Sanpete had five representatives on the second team. They include quarterback Landon Bowles (153-279, 2,062 yards, 19 TD’s/13 INT’s; 20 car, 10 yards, rush TD), receiver Magnus Clawson (33 rec, 446 yards, 3 TD’s), nose guard Shelton Christiansen (19 tackles), center Trevor Dyches and safety Turner Robinson (12 tackles, 2 interceptions).Manti had four representatives on the second team. They include tailback/center Ryker Hewko (64 car, 313 yards, TD; 22 rec, 223 yards, 4 TD’s), quarterback Jax Parry (104-199, 1,451 yards, 18 TD’s, 10 INT’s), tailback-outside linebacker Austin Cox (99 rec, 483 yards, 2 TD’s; 15 rec, 137 yards, 2 TD’s; 44 tackles, 2 sacks, INT) and tailback/center Tyson Brenchley (73 car, 555 yards; 5 rec, 45 yards, TD; 24 tackles, INT).Juab had four honorable mention representatives. They include punter Kollin Robertson, fullback Shan Jackson (39 car, 236 yards, TD; 1 rec, 4 yards), corner-back Jake Bailey (14 tackles, INT) and kicker Brock England (2 field goals; 48-54 on PAT’s).Delta had two honorable mention representatives. They include offensive lineman/defensive lineman Jake Nickle (32 tackles) and tailback/outside linebacker Tate Willoughby (32 car, 189 yards; 7 rec, 61 yards, TD; 41 tackles, INT).North Sanpete had three representatives garnering honorable mention honors. They include corner-back Callan Beck (36 tackles, interception), defensive end Alex Mower (27 tackles, 2 sacks) and tailback/outside linebacker Kaden Taylor (29 car, 130 yards, 4 TD’s; 9 rec, 137 yards, TD; 15 tackles, sack).Manti was represented on the honorable mention squad by tight end/outside linebacker/safety Tanner Justesen (1 car, 10 yards; 16 rec, 173 yards, TD; 41 tackles, interception), defensive end Jens LeFevre (64 tackles, 3 sacks) and guard/middle linebacker Collin Carter (31 tackles). Brad James December 16, 2019 /Sports News – Local Region 14 All-Region Team Written by read more
Global E&C Awarded Bluewater Contract. (Credit: Global E&C) Engineering, Procurement and Construction (EPC) provider Global E&C has been awarded an engineering and modification support services contract for Bluewater’s Floating Production Storage and Offloading (FPSO) assets in the UKCS.This contract will see Global E&C supporting the delivery of engineering modifications for the Aoka Mizu and Haewene Brim FPSO’s currently operating in the North Sea. The contract will run for an initial three-year period with two single year extensions.Commenting on the award Global E&C’s Managing Director, Derek Mitchell said: ‘We’re delighted to have been selected by Bluewater. Global E&C is fully committed to applying our extensive experience in brownfield engineering to support Bluewater with executing modifications on their asset in the most efficient and cost-effective manner possible.Our extensive engineering capability, flexible delivery model and wider integrated EPC service offering were key in our ability to secure this critical contract with Bluewater.This contract maintains our position as a leading provider of modifications and engineering services in the UKCS, demonstrating our ability to support the varying assets in our offshore industry, both fixed and floating production.’Global E&C’s Executive Director, Terry Allan, further added: ‘As a business we have made significant strides in our digital aspirations over the last 18 months, it was hugely satisfying to know that our revamped digital platforms and enabling technologies were key components in the decision making for Bluewater to chose Global E&C for this contract.’Global E&C has a strong understanding of the FPSO market having supported a number of FPSO operators over the years with the delivery of either single service solutions, secondments of discipline engineers and project managers or supported broader scopes which have required a fully integrated EPC approach. Source: Company Press Release This contract will see Global E&C supporting the delivery of engineering modifications for the Aoka Mizu and Haewene Brim FPSO read more
Welfare reform is nothing new. British politicians have been debating how to administer social security benefits for centuries. What is surprising is that the discourse surrounding welfare has changed so little since the Victorian period.Just over 180 years ago, Nassau Senior, a former fellow of my college and the inaugural Drummond Professor of Political Economy, was working as a leading commissioner on a report that would form the basis of the New Poor Law of 1834 — arguably the most important social policy of the nineteenth century. Were Senior able to read a newspaper today, or listen to a politician like Iain Duncan Smith, I imagine he would feel immensely proud that his ideas still have a profound influence on the way we debate the welfare system.Historical parallels are often pushed too far, and it is important to emphasise that current reforms are nowhere near as regressive as the New Poor Law: nobody is calling for workhouses. Nevertheless, the underlying principles are remarkably similar. As in 1834, the current reforms use a test of an individual’s capacity to work as a means of distinguishing between the truly deserving and the undeserving, those incapable of work and those who are simply poor and/or “lazy”. In the words of Duncan Smith “at last, no longer will a life on benefits be an option if you are capable of work”. The goal is not to alleviate material deprivation but to get people into a job — no matter how poorly paid.This is an approach that Senior would wholeheartedly endorse. At the core of Conservative reforms is an ingrained concern that indiscriminate state relief morally degrades the recipient. According to Michael Portillo, getting “something for nothing” saps the will to make anything of one’s life. At the 2013 Conservative Party conference, Iain Duncan Smith argued that making work pay will “restore hope, raise aspiration and build self reliance once again”. That sounds awfully similar to the words of Henry Fleming, secretary of the Local Government Board, who argued in 1871 that “relief extinguishes in the mind of the labourer… every incentive to self-reliance and prudent forethought”.It is of great concern that we tend to answer old questions in ways that our forebears would recognize. The New Poor Law still casts a long shadow over current debates and we remain trapped by its categories, making genuine reform unlikely.The parallels are all the more worrying given that we now know that the designers of the New Poor Law got things profoundly wrong. The new consensus amongst economic historians is that the Old Poor Law, more localised and much more generous, was an effective system that blocked pathways into poverty. Gregory Clark has demonstrated that the 1834 reforms did not increase the supply of labour by “making work pay”, and my own research argues that reductions in cash benefits actually reduced household savings levels.Nassau Senior was a pioneering economist but he was a terrible historian. In 1926 R. H. Tawney described the New Poor Law Report as “brilliant, influential and wildly unhistorical”. I see these words as a clarion call for a more historically informed approach to welfare than the one currently offered up by those in government. read more
European bakery machinery manufacturer Polin (Farnham, Surrey) says it produces almost every type of oven, from small bake-off units to comprehensive tunnel oven installations.Among its latest products is the Stratos Electric Modular Deck oven, which can be fitted with different soles, including fibre-composite for bread and pastry or armoured cement for pizza and focaccia. The modular oven can also be fitted with steam and supplied with a proof cabinet beneath.
We have been working in close collaboration with international colleagues and the World Health Organization to monitor the situation in China and around the world.In light of the increasing number of cases in China and using existing and widely tested models, the 4 UK Chief Medical Officers consider it prudent for our governments to escalate planning and preparation in case of a more widespread outbreak.For that reason, we are advising an increase of the UK risk level from low to moderate. This does not mean we think the risk to individuals in the UK has changed at this stage, but that government should plan for all eventualities.As we have previously said, it is likely there will be individual cases and we are confident in the ability of the NHS in England, Scotland and Wales and HSC in Northern Ireland to manage these in a way that protects the public and provides high quality care.Chief Medical Officer for England, Professor Chris WhittyChief Medical Officer for Wales, Dr Frank AthertonChief Medical Officer for Scotland, Dr Catherine CalderwoodChief Medical Officer for Northern Ireland, Dr Michael McBride read more
Earlier this spring, Sobokeh moved from NYC to a little mountain town called Lyons in Colorado. Little did we know that we moved right into the heart of a Bluegrass mecca known as Planet Bluegrass, which hosts iconic bluegrass festivals such as RockyGrass every summer. This year’s 45th annual RockyGrass brought 5,000 people and some of the biggest names in bluegrass—including Sam Bush, Del McCoury Band, The Infamous Stringdusters, Peter Rowan, The Lil’ Smokies, and more—to our home.At these festivals, the real stars of this show aren’t necessarily on stage. Many of the true stars of the festival are among the families playing in the St. Vrain River that runs through the festival grounds or the dancers twisting and twirling in the wide-open spaces and between the countless chairs and sunshades. With most attendees staking their claim with the famous “tarp run” each morning (the first 1,500 people to line up at 11 pm each night get a number that determines if they can place a tarp on the main field, and once doors open the next day, they run to grab the most desirable spot), the energy at this festival is one of relaxation and connection.The following images were taken with the intention of capturing the true essence of this festival rather than the bright lights and big names on stage—at RockyGrass, the real headliners are the dancers, tubers, and tarp runners of the Front Range.– Bryan Edward [Sobokeh Photography] Load remaining images read more
Chicano Batman has shared their concert plans for the coming months with a brief run of spring tour dates announced on Tuesday. The increasingly popular rock band from the Los Angeles area will head out on a 10-date run starting with their scheduled appearance at M3F Festival in Phoenix on March 2nd and continuing from coast-to-coast before wrapping in early May.Their main run of headlining shows picks up on April 25th with a performance at the Arcata Community Center in Arcata, CA, followed by scheduled stops along the western U.S. including the Mystic Theatre in Petaluma, CA (4/26); The Catalyst in Santa Cruz, CA (4/27); and the Fremont Theater in San Luis Obispo, CA on April 28th. From there, the band will head east for more shows at Crowbar in Tampa, FL (5/3); Soundbar in Orlando, FL (5/4); Hollywood Artspark Amphitheatre in Hollywood, FL (5/5); the Pour House in Charleston, SC (5/7); Salvage Station in Asheville, NC (5/9); and their tour-closing performance at Baltimore, MD’s Ram’s Head Live (5/11). The band will be joined throughout the first four dates of the tour by Brainstory.Chicano Batman has spent the last few years touring heavily in the continuing promotion of their 2017 studio album, Freedom Is Free. You may have even seen them performing their cover of “This Land Is Your Land” in those entertaining Johnny Walker commercials.Tickets to the newly-added spring tour shows will go on sale starting this Friday, February 8th at 12 p.m. EST. Fans can head over to the band’s website for tickets and info.Chicano Batman Spring Tour DatesMarch 2 – Phoenix, AZ – M3F FestivalApril 25 – Arcata, CA – Arcata Community CenterApril 26 – Petaluma, CA – Mystic TheatreApril 27 – Santa Cruz, CA – The CatalystApril 28 – San Luis Obispo, CA – Fremont TheaterMay 3 – Tampa, FL – CrowbarMay 4 – Orlando, FL – SoundbarMay 5 – Hollywood, FL – Hollywood ArtsPark AmphitheaterMay 7 – Charleston, SC – Pour HouseMay 9 – Asheville, NC – Salvage StationMay 11 – Baltimore, MD – Ram’s Head LiveView All Spring Tour Dates read more
You can also listen to a full audio recording of the show below:Tedeschi Trucks Band | 5/24/19 | Full Audio[Taped by John Hermsen]Tedeschi Trucks Band’s May run culminates tonight with a performance in Salem, OR tonight, Saturday, May 25th. From there, the band will take a couple of weeks off before heading to Japan for a run of shows in June. For a full list of Tedeschi Trucks Band’s upcoming tour dates, head to the band’s website here.Setlist: Tedeschi Trucks Band | Paramount Theatre | Seattle, WA | 5/34/19Set One: Shame, Don’t Drift Away, The Letter, Don’t Know What It Means, Somebody Pick Up My Pieces, Laugh About It, Get Out of My Life, Woman*, Signs, High Times, Idle WindSet Two: Keep On Growing, High & Mighty, Get What You Deserve, Don’t Keep Me Wonderin’, In Memory of Elizabeth Reed^, It’s So Heavy, How Blue Can You Get?, Bound For GloryEncore: Part of Me, Sing A Simple Song/I Want To Take You Higher*with Ian Moore on guitar^with Matt Cameron (Pearl Jam) on drums On Friday, Tedeschi Trucks Band continued their ongoing Signs tour with their second of two performances at Seattle, WA’s Paramount Theatre. The show featured a well-chosen mix of the band’s new and old material as well as go-to live covers, but the night was highlighted by a pair of surprise guests.During the first set, Tedeschi Trucks Band welcomed guitarist Ian Moore to assist Derek Trucks on a rendition of Allen Toussaint classic, “Get Out of My Life, Woman”. Then, during set two, the band got the crowd cheering with a cover of the Allman Brothers Band‘s “Don’t Keep Me Wonderin’”. Not content with the sole Allmans cover, they welcomed up local hero Matt Cameron of Pearl Jam to assist on a second classic ABB tune, “In Memory of Elizabeth Reed”.Below, you can watch a full video (starting at around 4:20) and scroll through some photos of Matt Cameron’s sit-in with TTB in Seattle:Tedeschi Trucks Band w/ Matt Cameron – “In Memory of Elizabeth Reed” [Allman Brothers Band cover][Video: John Hermsen, H/T JamBase] read more